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U.S. Government Resources
Statistical Abstract of the U.S. (2012 and earlier, Census Bureau)
Statistical Abstract of the U.S. (2013, ProQuest)
The Statistical Abstract of the United States, published since 1878, is a comprehensive summary of social, political, and economic statistics on the United States. It is a volume for statistical reference and a guide to sources of more information. Sources of data include the Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureau of Economic Analysis, and many other Federal agencies and private organizations.

County and City Data Book, 2007
The County and City Data Book, published intermittently, is a local area supplement to the Statistical Abstract of the U.S. It is a convenient summary of the social and economic structure of counties and cities.

Historical Statistics of the United States

FedStats is a good starting point for federal statistics and resources. FedStats provides access to a wide range of aggregate information produced by the Federal Government. It is a good place to start if you do not know which Federal agency produces which particular statistic. The site is a centralized and convenient location for links to and search capabilities on the over 100 federal agencies that are listed in the Statistical Programs of The United States Government.

From this site, the user can navigate directly to statistical agency data, MapStats, statistics by geography, statistical reference resources, reports, and selected agency data access tools.

Current Population Survey
The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of about 50,000 households conducted by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The survey has been conducted for more than 50 years.

The CPS is the primary source of information on the labor force characteristics of the U.S. population. The sample is scientifically selected to represent the civilian noninstitutional population. Respondents are interviewed to obtain information about the employment status of each member of the household 15 years of age and older. However, published data focus on those ages 16 and over. The sample provides estimates for the nation as a whole and serves as part of model-based estimates for individual states and other geographic areas.

Estimates obtained from the CPS include employment, unemployment, earnings, hours of work, and other indicators. They are available by a variety of demographic characteristics including age, sex, race, marital status, and educational attainment. They are also available by occupation, industry, and class of worker. Supplemental questions to produce estimates on a variety of topics including school enrollment, income, previous work experience, health, employee benefits, and work schedules are also often added to the regular CPS questionnaire.

CPS data are used by government policymakers and legislators as important indicators of our nations’s economic situation and for planning and evaluating many government programs. They are also used by the press, students, academics, and the general public.

Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council
The Council has the responsibility (by section 340 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1980) to facilitate public access to data that depository institutions must disclose under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act of 1975 (HMDA) and the aggregation of annual HMDA data, by census tract, for each metropolitan statistical area (MSA).

National Archives and Records Administration
To " ensure ready access to essential evidence . . .that documents the rights of American citizens, the actions of federal officials, and the national experience"

NCES Online
DAS is a software application that allows you to produce tables and to estimate covariance analyses from National Center of Education Statistics data sets, including the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS), High School and Beyond (HS&B), Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), Baccalaureate and Beyond (B&B), Beginning Postsecondary Students (BPS), the National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), and many others.

National Institute on Aging(NIA)
The NIA promotes healthy aging by conducting and supporting biomedical, social, and behavioral research and public education.

Survey of Income and Program Participation(SIPP)
SIPP produces national-level estimates for the U.S. resident population and subgroups. Although the SIPP design allows for both longitudinal and cross-sectional data analysis, SIPP is meant primarily to support longitudinal studies. SIPP's longitudinal features allow the analysis of selected dynamic characteristics of the population, such as changes in income, eligibility for and participation in transfer programs, household and family composition, labor force behavior, and other associated events.

One of the most important reasons for conducting SIPP is to gather detailed information on participation in transfer programs. Data from SIPP allow analysts to examine concurrent participation in multiple programs. SIPP data can also be used to address the following types of questions:
How have changes in eligibility rules or benefit levels affected recipients?
How have changes in the eligibility rules affected the program target population?
How does income from other household members affect labor force participation and reasons for not working?
How do wealth and income patterns differ for various age, gender, and racial groups?

Because SIPP is a longitudinal survey, capturing changes in household and family composition over a multiyear period, it can also be used to address the following questions:
What factors affect change in household and family structure and living arrangements?
What are the interactions between changes in the structure of households and families and the distribution of income?
What effects do changes in household composition have on economic status and program eligibility?

STAT-USA/Internet, a service of the U.S. Department of Commerce, is a single point of access to authoritative business, trade, and economic information from across the Federal Government.

U. S. Bureau of the Census
This site offers access to many special surveys and datasets, in addition to the decennial census of population and housing.

The official U.S. Census is described in Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution of the United States. It calls for an actual enumeration of the people every ten years, to be used for apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives among the states. The first official Census was conducted in 1790 under Thomas Jefferson, who was the Secretary of State. That census, taken by U.S. marshals on horseback, counted 3.9 million inhabitants. Since that time, the decennial Census has been conducted every ten years, generally on April 1 in years ending in a zero.

Besides providing the basis for congressional redistricting, Census data are used in many other ways. Since 1975, the Census Bureau has had responsibility to produce small-area population data needed to redraw state legislative and congressional districts. Other important uses of Census data include the distribution of funds for government programs such as Medicaid; planning the right locations for schools, roads, and other public facilities; helping real estate agents and potential residents learn about a neighborhood; and identifying trends over time that can help predict future needs. Most Census data are available for many levels of geography, including states, counties, cities and towns, ZIP codes, census tracts and blocks, and much more.

American Community Survey(ACS)

Economic Data - FRED®
FRED® (Federal Reserve Economic Data) is a database of 19,832 U.S. economic time series data. With FRED® you can download data in Microsoft Excel and text formats and view charts of data series. FRED® is built by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Topics include banking, consumer price indexes, employment and population, exchange rates, foregin exchange intervention, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), interest rates, moentary aggregates, producer price indexes, reserves and monetray base, U.S. trade and international transactions, U.S. Financial Data, and regional data.
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