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History of UC DATA
A historical site:

UC DATA is part of the Survey Research Center (SRC) and has served as the SRC's data archive for almost all of the SRC's 50 year history. UC DATA and SRC are ripe with history beyond the world of data. The offices are in the historic Anna Head buildings. These beautiful, Queen Anne style, buildings were built in 1892 by architect Soule Edgar Fisher, for the private and very prestigious Anna Head School for Girls, and noted as the first recorded shingle building in Berkeley. The Anna Head buildings are currently listed in the National Register of Historic Places, and the Berkeley Architectural Heritage Association has sought landmark status for the old Anna Head campus.

The offices are located just a few blocks from the colorful Telegraph Avenue district, and the famous People's Park, center of the Free Speech Movement in the 1960's.

The history of the data library:

International Data Library and Reference Service (IDLRS)(1963-1968)
    In 1963 SRC, in association with the Institute of International Studies, formally established the International Data Library and Reference Service (IDLRS), the first incarnation of UC DATA. This facility was designed to assist social scientists in obtaining, processing, and analyzing existing domestic and foreign survey materials. The facility also provided assistance in the collection of new survey data in this country and abroad. Additionally, the facilities were used as a training laboratory for University courses of instruction.

    At first the IDLRS served primarily as a reference service, acquiring materials only when expressly requested to do so. However, under a grant from the National Science Foundation, the Library created an archive of survey materials collected from developing nations of the world, and, more generally, obtained other materials related to international, comparative and area research. Several projects were included in this program in 1964-65. First, a continuing search was undertaken for existing data held by American and overseas research groups. Second, a survey was begun of overseas agencies in an attempt to ascertain their research capabilities. Third, a general review was initiated of the methodological and technical problems encountered in conducting survey research in developing countries. And fourth, procedures were explored to enable the Library to store, classify, search, and retrieve such information by modern data processing methods.

    The IDLRS became an increasingly important service facility for the Berkeley campus as well as for other American and foreign universities. Its resources were utilized for research on a wide range of topics. Comparative studies were undertaken on political attitudes and behavior in Latin America, North America, and Europe; on anti-Semitism in Europe and the United States; on religion and politics in the United States and Europe; and on social class and voting in Great Britain, Australia, Canada and the United States; on the economic dimension of political behavior in India and Japan; on social mobility in Latin America, and on many other topics as well. Single areas were the focus of studies on such topics as the values of youth, working class authoritarianism, and patterns of occupational mobility. In addition, the IDLRS contributed to SRC's training center.

State Data Program (1969-1991)
    The State Data Program (SDP) was established to collect, archive, and disseminate both published and machine-readable information about California politics and society. In 1978, the State Data Program archive was consolidated with the large body of materials on national and international politics in the Survey Research Center's Data Library (IDLRS), creating an expanded archive with about a thousand data sets. These materials were made available to University faculty and students for teaching and researching purposes, to government agencies, and to the general public.

    In 1979-80, usage of the SDP increased as it further enlarged and diversified its holdings. Membership in The Field Institute provided access to the California Poll. In addition, the SDP has also began to archive the Los Angeles Times. By virtue of its affiliation with the Roper Institute, the SDP obtained Gallup Polls conducted in the United States and elsewhere. In 1979 the SDP added the following to its archive: the statewide Tax Revolt Survey conducted in November, 1979; the California Disability Survey, a major profile of disabled persons in the state; and information about the taxing and spending behavior of localities that could be merged with public opinion data on individuals living in those jurisdictions.

    In 1979-90 a major breakthrough and undertaking came for the SDP. Arrangements were completed to allow access to 1980 U.S. Census data. The SDP was designated by the Census Bureau and California State Data Center as the unit with primary responsibility for serving academic users of the census data.

    SDP's Data Librarian, Ilona Einowski, and Systems Analyst, Margaret Baker, developed technical procedures for analyzing both 1970 and 1980 census data.

    In addition to preparing data sets and consulting and analyzing these materials for others, the SDP periodically prepared brief reports on trends in public opinion in California. In 1980 two such reports were completed: "The Public Mood and the Tax Revolt," State Data Program Research Report No. 3 by Margaret Baker and Jack Citrin, and "Is the California Electorate Becoming More Conservative?" State Data Program Research Report No. 4, by Peter Linquiti, Sam Kernell, and Jack Citrin.

UC DATA (1991-present)
    In 1991, the SDP was renamed, the University of California Data Archive & Technical Assistance (UC DATA). In the 1990's UC DATA joined with the California Department of Social Services and became leaders in welfare policy reaserach, laying significant groundwork for academic-administrative collaboration.

    Currently, UC DATA is one of the sponsors of the CCRDC, a collaborative effort of the U. S. Census Bureau and Universities across the country to provide researchers with access to non-public federal data under conditions that facilitate innovative research while safeguarding confidentiality

    UC DATA continues to uphold its mandate and responsibilities to the UC Berkeley community by providing a large range of quantitative social science data, providing analytic and data discovery expertise, by active outreach to academic and research departments, and by active participation in the social science information and technology professional community.

Historic highlights of UC DATA:
  • Sept 1958 - SRC established on the UC Berkeley Campus
  • 1962 - In association with the Institute for International Studies, the first UC DATA was established, then known as IDLRS.
  • 1964 - Conversion from punch cards to magnetic tape, optical reader used to allow direct scanning without manual keypunch.
  • 1969 - State Data Program (SDP) established to facilitate teaching and research about Claifornia politics and society. SDP acquired California Field Poll data back to 1956.
  • 1978 - SDP archive consolidated with materials on national/international politics in the IDLRS collection. IDLRS name "retired" and entire collection became known as the SDP Archive.
  • 1979 - Los Angeles Times Polls added to SDP Archive.
  • 1980 - Census SDP became member of the newly formed State Data Center Network.
  • 1982 - Socio-Economic Environmental Demographic Information System (SEEDIS) - online system for accessing 1980 Census Data developed at LBL.
  • 1984-1985 - Conversion of 7-track to 9-track tapes. Slots reserved for 150 tapes at primary computing. Replacement/renewal policy de-instituted.
  • 1990 - Expansion into welfare research and applied research on information systems and retrieval.

UCDATA Directors:
    1992 - Present Henry Brady
    1983 - 1983 Ray Wolfinger
    1989-1991 Jack Citrin

The history of the Survey Research Center:
    The Survey Research Center (SRC) was established in 1958, by Charles Glock, as an organized research unit on the Berkeley campus. Glock's vision was that SRC would be a social research hub with spokes of affiliate research faculty. The SRC pursues an intellectual agenda involving UC Berkeley faculty from business, demography, economics, political science, public health, public policy, and sociology. SRC has an international reputation for collecting, processing and disseminating survey, administrative, and ethnographic information. SRC researchers and staff are leaders in devleoping innovative empirical research methods for gathering and analyzing data.

SRC Directors:
    2000 - Present Henry Brady
    1991 - 2000 Michael Hout (1991-2000)
    1986 - 1991 Percy Tannenbaum (1986-1991)
    1985 - 1986 J. Merrill Shanks (1985-1986)
    1984 - 1985 Aaron Wildavsky
    1979 - 1984 Percy Tannenbaum
    1958 - 1967 Charles Glock
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