RESEARCH AREAS > Welfare/Social Insurance > California's Food Stamp Participation Rate, 1999 - 2001
California's Food Stamp Participation Rate, 1999 - 2001
Estimates of the California food stamp participation rate by the United States Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service (USDA/FNS) are significantly biased downwards because they do not appropriately consider two distinctive features of California: its large population of ineligible immigrants and the fact that Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients receive food stamp equivalents via California's food stamp cash-out. Whereas USDA/FNS calculates a food stamp participant access rate of 44% for 1999, we estimate a food stamp participation rate of 80% for the same calendar year. Our estimate of the rate for 1999 increases from 44% to 58% due to the exclusion of ineligible immigrants, and from 58% to 80% as a result of the food stamp cash-out for SSI recipients. For 2000 and 2001 we estimate the rates to be 80% and 78%, respectively. Our calculations indicate that using appropriate comparisons, California's participation rates for these years substantially exceed the corresponding national rates.
Project PublicationsCalifornia's Food Stamp Participation Rate, 1999 - 2001: Impact of Family Composition and Benefits for Aged and Disabled